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News HP ditches ARM for Intel in Project Moonshot

Discussion in 'Article Discussion' started by Gareth Halfacree, 20 Jun 2012.

  1. Gareth Halfacree

    Gareth Halfacree WIIGII! Staff Administrator Super Moderator Moderator

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  2. Zinfandel

    Zinfandel Well-Known Member

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    Intel back to their old tricks then?
     
  3. Harlequin

    Harlequin Well-Known Member

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    would very much seem so wouldnt it ^^
     
  4. MrJay

    MrJay You are always where you want to be

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    Some new revision of Atom?

    The current one is shite compared to ARM's offerings.
     
  5. faugusztin

    faugusztin I *am* the guy with two left hands

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    Explain. AFAIK Atom in XOLO X900/Orange San Diego is a pretty good one. And a X86 option is always preferable to ARM in server enviroment.
     
  6. Harlequin

    Harlequin Well-Known Member

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    depends on the scale of servers you want - ultra high end dont use X86.....
     
  7. faugusztin

    faugusztin I *am* the guy with two left hands

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    "low-power high-density server systems packing as many as 2800 server blades into a single rack."

    In other words - an ideal hardware for a hosting company to sell as dedicated server(s). Not really the "ultra highend".
     
  8. Flibblebot

    Flibblebot Smile with me

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    Maybe not, but since such clients are more than likely going to be running Linux variants, x86 or not isn't going to be as much of an issue than if it were a Windows-based datacentre.
     
  9. schmidtbag

    schmidtbag New Member

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    I think I'd have to agree with MrJay. I'm not aware of the exact Atom model you're referring to and I'm sure it may perform better than the Calxeda but clearly for something with wattage that low, HP clearly didn't care about the extra performance of Atom. That assumes Atom has a better performance-per-watt, which I doubt.

    The only reason why x86 is preferred in server environments is just because it's a little more compatible. People with serious servers tend to prefer PPC, SPARC, or even GPUs. ARM is perfectly capable as a cluster server platform, and linux is currently lightyears ahead (whether you want to look at that in either time or metaphorical distance) of pretty much any OS that is ARM compatible.
     
  10. faugusztin

    faugusztin I *am* the guy with two left hands

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    @schmidtbag: if we talk about phones (the only place where ARM and x86 clashes heavily) and compared to dual cores, Atom Z2460 is a better option (keep in mind it is a single core CPU) :
    http://www.anandtech.com/show/5365/intels-medfield-atom-z2460-arrive-for-smartphones

    That power consumption includes the graphics core, communications etc.

    And now move up to Centerton, which is a dualcore Atom with 6W power consumption.... ARM is good for phones, but i don't see them as viable competitors for now.
     
    Last edited: 20 Jun 2012
  11. schmidtbag

    schmidtbag New Member

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    That Atom is actually pretty impressive, seems like the first decent low-wattage CPU intel has made since the original atom (which was good for its time). I'm glad intel has finally taken low-wattage platforms seriously, because they always seemed to put them at lowest priority.

    Although android is linux based, the changes done to android aren't always moved to linux, and the changes done to linux aren't always moved to android. I think its linux kernel 3.2 or maybe 3.3 where ARM has been getting from 25%-60%+ faster thanks to development from Canonical. I'm not terribly familiar with how Android works but last time I checked, it tends to use very outdated kernels, and if it hasn't received any of the 3.2 or 3.3 kernel updates, then that Atom CPU could actually be nearly head to head competing with those ARM chips. At that point the only difference would be licensing and price, in which ARM would likely win.

    I noticed ARM seems to be a better competitor when it comes to devices that idle a lot and when you have a multi-core processor.
     
  12. faugusztin

    faugusztin I *am* the guy with two left hands

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    3.0.8 is the kernel version in current Galaxy Nexus. But don't forget that Z2460 is a cut down single core CPU. The 6W TDP Atoms HP will use are dual cores, which means they will be the competitors to quad core Cortex A9 if they are cut down in same way (which i doubt, considering they got VT-x, 64-bit etc) - but the ARM CPU from Calxeda was only dual core Cortex A8.

    Plus HP didn't threw out the ARM solution, they just probably want to release the product ASAP, while the ARM solution is only on paper for now. According to what was written about these servers, later you can easily have ARM, Intel, AMD mixed according to your needs. The fact that Intel Atom is the first version talks more about availability than preference.
     
  13. tad2008

    tad2008 New Member

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    I don't doubt that the ARM version would likely have been the better hardware choice.

    However, what I think won the argument for Intel simply was the readily available existing software that has already been tried, tested and proven on x86 platforms.
     
  14. jeanlyon

    jeanlyon New Member

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    In other words - an ideal hardware for a hosting company to sell as dedicated server(s). Not really the "ultra highend".
     
  15. iwod

    iwod New Member

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    Wow, that means Android are using Old Kernel without the optimization from newest development? So the test from Intel Atom vs ARM wasn't really up to date?
     
  16. faugusztin

    faugusztin I *am* the guy with two left hands

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    Android 4.0 uses 3.0.8 kernel. Test was "up to date" of current Android status. By the way, on other side Atom was tested on 2.3, and that means even older kernel; it should get some boost by movin to Android 4.0 as well.
     
  17. Gareth Halfacree

    Gareth Halfacree WIIGII! Staff Administrator Super Moderator Moderator

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    That's pretty much the exact opposite to what HP's Project Moonshot is targeting. The move to microservers is designed to power cloud computing, not resellers shovelling dedicated servers - remember that an individual Atom or ARM server blade will be significantly less powerful than something running on a full-fat server chip, and thus not very tempting to people looking for a dedicated server.

    Moonshot, and other microserver/high-density server projects, aims squarely at cloud computing. Take Google Docs, for example. To make a page appear in Google Docs for a user to edit takes very little CPU resources; stick it on a Xeon and you're using an ICBM to crack a nut. Stick it on a microserver and you've got a much more efficient system - which means a system that is cheaper to run.

    The trouble with migrating something like Google Docs to a low-power ARM or Atom server is in scaling: to make one page appear in Google Docs takes very few resources, but to make one million pages appear nigh-simultaneously is a different matter. The extra power of the Xeon chip helps, but it's still inefficient - especially as, when you get down to a low enough level, the processor can only execute a certain number of instructions at the same time. Let's assume a six-core Xeon with Hyperthreading - and further assume that Hyperthreading is actually suitable for this particular instruction, which it may not be: that's an absolute maximum of twelve simultaneous threads per chip. Four Xeons per 3U server, 13 servers per 42U rack (leaving 3U for switches) means 624 simultaneous threads and a whopping 4,680W TDP. That's 4.7KW you need to provide in power, and 4.7KW you need to cool.

    Looking at Project Moonshot - and taking the Calxeda ARM chip's figure of 1.5W TDP for a dual-core chip - we're talking 2,800 'servers' per 42U rack, each with two processing cores, but no equivalent to Hyperthreading. Result: 4,200W TDP to power 5,600 simultaneous threads.

    So, looking at cost per thread - and ignoring 'performance per watt' as we're making the (very big, and most likely fairly incorrect) assumption that loading a Google Docs page is simple enough that either chip can complete it in microseconds - you're talking 0.75W TDP per thread for a Project Moonshot server, compared to 7.5W TDP per thread for a traditional Xeon server. That means you can either support ten times the users (bandwidth allowing) for the same running costs, or reduce your costs to one-tenth while supporting the same number of users - or a combination, such as increasing your user base five-fold while still reducing costs.
     
  18. Snips

    Snips I can do dat, giz a job

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    WOW, get in there Intel. Clearly HP, with it's years of expertise of building such systems would know the true benefits of one product to another. Why is this Intel's fault that HP have gone with them?

    You can all take those tinfoil hats of now, they really aren't watching anymore.
     
  19. faugusztin

    faugusztin I *am* the guy with two left hands

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    There will be ARM modules. So will be there AMD too. It is simply about current availability. They want to release it at the end of the year, and it comes simply down to "can XY supply us enough chips?". Intel probably can, Calxeda probably can't, or not at high enough volume.
     
  20. ssj12

    ssj12 Member

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    HP isnt bankrupt yet... how unfortunate...
     

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