The objective of this build is to construct a Small Form Factor case without sacrificing its cooling ability or performance. Following is a list of components that the case will house. ATX motherboard Optical drive Two hard drives Power supply The largest of graphics cards Two 120-mm intake and 80-mm exhaust fans In order to achieve optimal cooling, the selection and placement of hardware must be well thought out. Hardware that generates excessive heat necessitates sufficient airflow. This is achieved by minimizing obstructions and guiding the air from intake to exhaust. Design As the old adage goes, "Form follows function." A aesthetically pleasing computer is not effective if its design compromises its effectiveness. Keeping that in mind, the arrangement of hardware was first laid out to get a feel for how the overall size could be minimized while maintaining proper air circulation. The Frame Structural stability is not the only reason I chose to use square aluminum tubing for the frame. I can route fan and lighting cables through the tubes, thus providing a less cluttered interior. A panel to mount the two hard drives is included at the top. A 0.125-in flat bar is used to help in supporting the motherboard. An additional 0.125-in flat bar is used in lieu of tubing for the lower rear frame element to allow for a lower motherboard tray position. Saving a half inch here and there adds up. Component Placement In order to minimize space requirements while maintaining cooling efficiency, the following placement of components was selected. The left 120-mm fan will direct air over the GPU. A CPU cooler will be mounted in such a fashion that the fan will blow upward and exhaust through the PSU. The rear 80-mm fans will pull air over the hard drives as well as help cool the GPU. Panels The panels will showcase the interior's hardware while not being overly intrusive. Two buttons will be included in the top panel; one will be the power button while the other will open and close the optical drive. These panels will be attached to the frame using socket head screws. Shields In order to add some style points to the case's aesthetics, aluminum shields will be offset a fraction of an inch. The flow of these shields will be in order with the existing lines of the case. Each line can be traced around the faces of the case to give the appearance of a unified form. Color Scheme While the final color of panels are not set in stone, the faces of the shields will be black while the edges will be white. Here are a couple samples of some color combinations that I'm considering.